About Cod Fish
COD is a firm white fish. It’s popular known for its mild flavour and dense flaky. There two main varieties of cod, Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua), is found in the cold waters of the North Atlantic and the smaller Pacific Cod (Gadus Macrocephalu) which is found among the Pacific Ocean. Cod is also found in Indian Ocean and mostly called Kilifi Cod Rock.
Atlantic cod is sweeter and tender as compared to pacific cod which is firmer and most savour. It’s the oiliest fatty fish that has strongest flavour. But the truth cod is quite lean.
Cod its valued for its edible flesh, the oil of its liver and other products. It’s also rich in iodine. The nutrient is important for metabolism and essential for brain growth and development for children.
Cod is a demersal fish, swimming in depths of 6m to 60m. It can grow up to 2m long and weighs 5-12kg on average though the record is 100kg, with a large head and a powerful body. Cod has three dorsal fins and two tail fins.
Cod its famous for meat and oil. Cod’s liver is rich source of oil which contains vitamins E, A and D and omega-3 fatty acids. Cods can travel up to 200 miles to reach their breeding grounds during the mating season. Spawning takes place from January to April, usually at depth of 660 feet.
The flesh of cod is bright white, flaky and delicate, with a mild flavour that has helped position it at the top of the charts when it comes to fish and chips.
The female cod is one of the most fertile creatures on the planet, Female lays up to 5 million eggs or roe. Most eggs will be eaten by different types of fish and other sea creatures. Remaining eggs will hatch after 8 to 23 days. Larvae are transparent and only 0.16 inches long. Their size will increase 40 times after just 10 weeks. Larvae eat fito- and zooplankton. Later, when large larvae will enrich their diet with small crustaceans. At the age of 3 to 4 years, cods become sexually mature. Age of cod can be determined by the number of rings that are visible on the structure called otolith, located in the skull.
Lifespan of cod fish depends on the species. Atlantic cod can survive up to 25 years in the wild.
Cod is popular in Scandinavian countries, either smoked or boiled and prepared with other ingredients. It is perhaps this fecundity, allied to the cod’s apparent fondness for doing as little as possible, that has led to it being easy to catch.
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